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ITR Global Tax 50 2022: Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema

US senators

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Few people can claim to have decided the fate of global tax reform, but Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema can do just that. The two Democrats almost derailed US tax reform by refusing to support the Inflation Reduction Act until the summer of 2022.

The Biden administration had to fight tooth-and-nail to get the bill through Congress, but it was Manchin and Sinema rather than the Republican Party who held up tax reform. Taking advantage of the slight Democratic majority, the two senators were able to demand concessions.

The result was a series of compromises on detail such as the elimination of a carried interest tax increase, which would have hit private equity funds. Eventually the Inflation Reduction Act made it through Congress in August 2022.

If Manchin and Sinema had not accepted this compromise, the 15% rate would have been relegated to the history books rather than become part of US tax law. However, it looks like wider tax reform may be off the agenda.

Although Manchin and Sinema may hope to be as influential in 2023, the US looks set for political gridlock following the November midterm elections.

Global Tax 50 2022

Breaking down the entire 50 individually according to the impact they made would require too granular an approach. Each entry is in alphabetical order as part of categories, i.e. individuals, to make it simpler to navigate.

Industry figures
Tax authorities
Public officials
Noteworthy individuals
NGOs
 
Vice president of global transfer pricing and tax disputes, Johnson & Johnson
Chair of tax policy group, BusinessEurope
Director and head of international tax for Meta Latin America
Head of transfer pricing, AstraZeneca
Executive vice president of global tax and treasury, Unilever
Global head of tax, Siemens
Chair of the taxation committee, USCIB
Chair of the tax committee at BIAC
Commissioner of the Canada Revenue Agency
Commissioner of SARS
Minister of Revenue, New Zealand
Former IRS commissioner
Commissioner of the State Tax Administration
Executive secretary of ATAF
 
Director of direct taxation, coordination, economic analysis and evaluation, European Commission
Minister of finance, budget and national planning, Nigeria
US president
Departing president of Brazil
Secretariat of the economy, Mexico
Acting Head of the Tax Policy and Statistics Division, OECD
Co-chairs of the UN Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters (UN Tax Committee)
Commissioner for the economy, European Commission
Minister of finance, Indonesia
Head of TIWB secretariat
Prime minister of Japan
US senators
Director-general of the Public Debt Management Office, Thai Ministry of Finance
Chair of the House Ways & Means Committee
Director of the OECD’s Centre for Tax Policy and Administration
Head of the GloBE unit, OECD
President of Colombia
Acting deputy director of the Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, OECD
Former director of the Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, OECD
Lord of Kingswood, UK
Minister of finance and corporate affairs, India
UK prime minister and chancellor of the exchequer
Chair of the Senate Finance Committee
Secretary of the US Treasury
 
CEO and global chairman, EY
Tax attorney, blogger and podcaster, Taxgirl
Former Uber lobbyist
Director of Tax Research UK
Director of Tax Policy Associates
CEO of Opportunity Green
 
Chief executive of Tax Justice Network
Acting director of TaxWatch
Former responsible tax lead at PIRC
Chief executive of Fair Tax Foundation
Director of the ICIJ
Principal analyst for CICTAR