All material subject to strictly enforced copyright laws. © 2022 ITR is part of the Euromoney Institutional Investor PLC group.

China enhances regulation of technology sector

Sponsored by

Rules have been issued about electronic issuance

Lewis Lu of KPMG sets out the key elements from China’s strategy of stepping-up its regulatory oversight of the evolving technological space.

China’s economy has been rapidly changing, with advances in the technological level of the economy and increased economic digitalisation. These trends have been further spurred along in the COVID-19 disruption period, as has been the case in other economies.

The Chinese government has recently been taking steps to upgrade the regulatory framework for this environment – many of the latest steps mirror developments in the US and Europe. The notable developments in this regard are as follows.

New anti-monopoly measures for internet platforms

On November 10 2020, China’s State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) released the draft anti-monopoly measures for internet platforms. These are designed to curb the dominance of the big internet firms and protect fair competition in the market. The SAMR draft measures are under public consultation until November 30.

Anti-monopoly rules are not new in China. However, this is the first time that the Chinese government has defined anti-competitive behaviours for the online economy. This includes online platforms treating customers differently based on their spending behaviour and data and forcing sellers to sell exclusively on a given platform. Under the draft measures, particular focus is put on horizontal monopoly agreements in the online platform market, which are generally designed to exclude and limit competition – businesses selling through platforms are directed by the measures to report such monopoly agreements to the authorities for investigation.

These moves, directed at China’s technology giants, have parallels with the increasing global trend for regulators to take action against big technology companies, for instance, the investigations into Amazon, Google, etc. launched by authorities in the US and Europe. This being said the Chinese government still provides extensive policy support for the development of the internet and technology sectors.

Export control law

China has also recently introduced an export control law which covers military products, nuclear equipment, and other technologies deemed important for national security. The law comes into effect on December 1 2020 and fills gaps in China’s oversight and administration over technology exports. It also reflects parallel measures adopted in the EU and US in recent times.

Compared with the draft law released in July 2020, technical information and data were also included in the scope of the final law. This means that merger and acquisition (M&A) transactions in connection with Chinese digital economy companies can now fall within the purview of the law. Also, in the technology regulation space, China continues to be actively engaged, alongside the EU, US and others, in the BEPS 2.0 process to update global tax rules for the digital era, for which blueprints were released in October. As elsewhere, Chinese businesses and public authorities are eagerly awaiting the planned finalisation of the rules in mid-2021.


In another new development, China signed the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement on November 15 2020, along with 14 other Asia-Pacific countries, including Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

The RCEP is the largest free trade deal in the world, and will facilitate the ongoing integration of these economies, including in the technology and digital spaces.


Lewis Lu

T: +86 21 2212 3421









more across site & bottom lb ros

More from across our site

This week Brazil’s former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva came out in support of uniting Brazil’s consumption taxes into one VAT regime, while the US Senate approved a corporate minimum tax rate.
The Dutch TP decree marks a turn in the Netherlands as the country aligns its tax policies with OECD standards over claims it is a tax haven.
Gorka Echevarria talks to reporter Siqalane Taho about how inflation, e-invoicing and technology are affecting the laser printing firm in a post-COVID world.
Tax directors have called on companies to better secure their data as they generate ever-increasing amounts of information due to greater government scrutiny.
Incoming amendments to the treaty could increase costs on non-resident Indian service providers.
Experts say the proposed minimum tax does not align with the OECD’s pillar two regime and risks other countries pulling out.
The Malawian government has targeted US gemstone miner Columbia Gem House, while Amgen has successfully consolidated two separate tax disputes with the Internal Revenue Service.
ITR's latest quarterly PDF is now live, leading on the rise of tax technology.
ITR is delighted to reveal all the shortlisted firms, teams, and practitioners for the 2022 Americas Tax Awards – winners to be announced on September 22
‘Care’ is the operative word as HMRC seeks to clamp down on transfer pricing breaches next year.
We use cookies to provide a personalized site experience.
By continuing to use & browse the site you agree to our Privacy Policy.
I agree