Croatia: Advance pricing agreements implemented
Transfer pricing legislation was introduced in Croatia by way of the Corporate Income Tax Act (CIT) on January 1 2005. However, the Croatian tax authorities have only recently recognised its importance, with advance pricing agreements (APAs) recently being implemented in Croatian tax legislation.
The implementation of APAs in national legislation (Official Gazette No. 47/15), published on May 3 2017, reveals a significant progress towards harmonising the Croatian legislation with OECD transfer pricing guidelines.
An APA can be concluded as:
A unilateral APA between a taxpayer and the Tax Administration (TA); or
Bilateral or multilateral APA between the taxpayer, TA, associated entities and the TA of other countries in which those associated entities are residents.
The procedure for concluding an APA consists of five stages:
Submission of the initiative for the conclusion of the APA;
Preliminary interview of the taxpayer by the TA, in order to exchange views and gain additional information about the APA;
Submission of the statement of intention to conclude the APA by the taxpayer. This statement includes general and specific information regarding the transactions intended to be covered by the APA;
The conclusion of the APA. The conclusion must include information about the related parties included in the APA, a description of the transactions and the agreed documentation methodology; and
Monitoring the implementation of the APA by the TA.
The duration of an APA can be defined to be up to five years, depending on the characteristics and type of transactions subject to the agreement. The TA has the right to terminate the APA in case of a violation of any term by the taxpayer.
The cost of the APA conclusion procedure is:
HRK15,000 ($2,405) for a taxpayer whose profit, according to the latest tax return, is a maximum of HRK 3 million ($481,000);
HRK 30,000 for a taxpayer whose profit is between HRK 3 million and HRK 20 million; and
HRK 50,000 for a taxpayer whose profit exceeds HRK 20 million.
In the case of concluding a bilateral APA, there is a cost increase of HRK 50,000, and in case of a multilateral APA the relative cost increase is HRK 100,000.
The addition of the APAs to Croatian TP legislation indicates that intragroup transactions are becoming of high importance to the tax administration. MNEs in Croatia should reassess their significant and complicated intragroup transactions and examine the possibility of concluding an APA in order to minimise their tax risk. Your contact for further queries is:
Tel: +30 210 8257720 22 and +385 98 525 758