The draft amendments proposed a VAT penalty (abolished in 2008), which can be imposed on taxpayers that underestimated output VAT in their VAT returns (the same penalty will be applicable for overestimations of input VAT).
The penalty amounts to 30% of the VAT underestimation. However, taxpayers will not be punished if they voluntarily correct their VAT return before a tax audit commences. Furthermore, VAT arrears resulting from accounting errors and "obvious mistakes" will not be penalised, and nor will arrears from reporting VAT in the wrong periods (i.e. when VAT was declared in the right amounts, but in the wrong reporting periods).
Taxpayers could face a penalty amounting to 100% of VAT of the underestimation in the tax return if taxpayers are found to have participated in fraudulent transactions (carousel fraud).
Poland also plans to introduce measures that may complicate VAT registration for entrepreneurs starting business activity. Starting businesses willing to use so-called "virtual offices" (services of address providers) may be asked to pay a deposit, amounting PLN 20,000 – 200,000 ($5,000 – $51,000) to the tax office, which will be refunded after one year of business activity. The same restrictions will apply to taxpayers related to companies or individuals that had tax arrears exceeding PLN 20,000 in the past.
Attorneys, who represent a taxpayer in the VAT registration process, will be joint and severally liable for tax arrears arising in the first six months of a taxpayer's activity if the tax arrears are a result of fraudulent activity (carousel fraud).
In addition, new established taxable persons will not be allowed to file VAT returns quarterly in the first year of activity. This benefit will only be available in the second and third year of business to only small taxpayers that do not exceed a monthly turnover threshold of PLN 50,000.
Separately, in order to prevent tax fraud in the construction sector, all construction services will be subject to an obligatory reverse charge mechanism.
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