Montenegro: Tax treatment of severance payments and vouchers
The Montenegrin Law on Personal Income Tax defines income subject to personal income tax to include salaries, income related to immovable property and immovable property rights, income related to capital as well as capital gains. All of these types of income are taxed at the rate of 9%. From a corporate perspective, of interest to companies are certain cases such as severance payments which have a specific tax treatment.
The legislation defines that severance payments related to retirement as well as related to a termination of employment in redundancy procedures, which do not exceed €1,000 ($1,400) are exempt from social contribution deductions and personal income tax. In other scenarios of severance payments, such as mutual settlements for employment termination, the severance payment is taxed at the rate of 9% but such payments are nevertheless exempted from social contributions payments, irrespective of amount.
A similar logic applies when a company is granting vouchers, goods or discounts to its employees. All of these are considered as personal income in a tax sense and are subject to taxation. Just like with severance payments, mandatory social contributions are not applicable to this type of personal income.
According to the Law on Personal Income Tax, the company (employer) is responsible for the calculation and payment of the tax as well as mandatory social contributions. Even though certain countries allow physical person to calculate and pay their own tax liability, the Montenegrin legislation obligates the legal entity to calculate and pay all taxes and contributions on behalf of its employees, including local taxes.
Jelena Zivkovic (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Eurofast Global, Podgorica Office
Tel: +382 20 228 490